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According to a search warrant issued by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. In the US, Long Island Iced Tea, a company known as Long Crypto Market 2017 in Long Bloxchain, whose reference name is suspected of being a sophisticated pumping and discharge scheme. It is alleged that two people have already been investigated for securities fraud, including another company, Kelvin Medical.

The FBI believes that the company bought shares of the company before the brand change was announced. The agency claims that they were sold shortly after a sharp change in the company’s health gains.

btc

Long Blockchain: insider trading scheme suspected of insider trading
Not only the most cynical observers doubted the timing of Aiki Tea’s decision on Long Island, as if it were going to be a blockbuster. Farmingdale, a New York-based company, caught the extreme wave of mania around technology in December 2017 and a change in direction said the price of its shares had fallen by almost 300%.

Of course, Long Island Blockchain has never explored the potential of technology and its market value has diminished immediately. The company finally fell out of the Nasdaq stock market.

More than a year later, the FBI found evidence that an individual had received information about the brand change and two others who had used it with a company value almost guaranteed. Discriminatory communication was discovered on an iPhone when two people were arrested for allegedly participating in a securities fraud involving another company, Kelvin Medical.

The order indicates that the informant, called CHS, provided evidence against this couple in the Long Blockchain and Kelvin Medical cases. Telephone conversations between the first three are not designed to emulate the paper trail. As CHS said, Lindsay was called on December 20, 2017.

Nelson Hernandez – smiling master of golden gloves

He should be called "Fearless Hernandez" for many reasons. First, he did not hesitate to enter the ring with a higher ranking warrior. Secondly, he gave his best. Then he showed strength and determination fighting like a champion. Finally, he held the championship in gold gloves for Wisconsin in 1982–1984.

Former Golden Gloves champion Nelson Hernandez was born in Puerto Rico. Inspired by two uncles, as well as two of his best friends, he entered the ring at the age of fifteen, weighing 115 pounds, and completed thirty-seven fights as Bantamweight. Hernandez eventually moved to Wisconsin and trained with Israel Costa at the United Community Center. Hernandez believed that every boxer should have a mentor and should be inspired by someone who is able to provide mental, physical and spiritual support.

He felt that Costa was a mentor to him and like a father; as a result, Costa is currently helping children in the community center because of his love of boxing, respect for Costa, and the desire for children to succeed. In his opinion, successful people should somehow help their communities. He was also inspired by the Costa record training great fighters such as Hector Colon, who eventually became the champion of the country. As a result, he is very impressed with other boxers to stay with the winner and also become the winners.

Hernandez entered professional boxing at the age of twenty-two. His achievements include the spectrum of completing thirty-three professional fights in the welterweight category at 139 pounds, three fights in the welterweight category at 147 pounds and two fights as junior average weight at 155 pounds. Most of his fights were difficult because he always fought with bigger boxers. The inspiration for a young warrior is not to give up other warriors; there is always a possibility of winning, which depends on the moment.

Hernandez explained that the most difficult fight he had ever fought against Leonard Townsend from Chicago, which took 10th place in the world. Hernandez fortress. "I went with him ten rounds and it was a difficult fight." He felt that the fight was a real educational experience that he valued and that every warrior should move away from the fight, feeling that he had learned something useful.

Hernandez collaborated with great trainers such as Al Mooreland and Eddie Brooks in Wisconsin. He is inspired by Sugar Ray Robinson, Robert Durand, Mohammed Ali and Larry Holmes. He met and shook hands with Mohammed Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.) in 1985. Hernandez fought professionally in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Minnesota and Canada. He also believes that his travels have made him a more competent person in the world. He believes that everyone should try to travel outside of their area, instead of just staying in one corner of the city or town without knowing or experiencing the rest of the world, which should be part of their education.

"My training was very rigorous, and work on the road started around 4:00, starting with running, shadow boxes, sparring, squats, skipping ropes, handbags and pads," says Hernandez. He continued to comment on the fact that his training usually ends around 19:00, and because of his diet he was not allowed to eat anything after 19:30. Hernandez is of the opinion that his training and diet had a positive impact on his life and gave him good physical and mental health for years. It also encourages others to remain mentally and physically strong to survive in this world.

As far as the lessons learned are concerned, he would do better in the field of finance. Since graduating from high school in the ninth grade, he was sometimes used during boxing careers by others who concealed information. The bills he was presented with, including meals, hotel rooms, travel, etc., destroyed the profits he was to receive. "However, I was still struggling with the hope that one day I would achieve my goal as a champion," says Hernandez.

He learned, like others, that boxing is not as effective as it seems on television. There are many backstage activities that are not shown. He believes that younger warriors should not be naive and should know that they can be used in a variety of ways. In addition, they should be prepared for frustration. However, they should remember such things and avoid such negative encounters in the future. Based on his first-hand experience, Hernandez suggested that it would be different if he had the knowledge I had at the time.

"Boxing was a saving grace for me," Hernandez wonders. He reported that one of the main benefits he achieved while participating in boxing was to avoid trouble. Several of his friends had legal problems and did not do well. Some of his friends were involved in the criminal justice system after having problems with law enforcement. Believes that today's youth should remain positive, develop a positive attitude and treat others positively; as a result, it will negate negativity.

When it comes to travel, Hernandez laughed and commented that he had a great time in Canada and that he really enjoyed culture and people. He decided that the only thing he didn't like was the way they were searched at the border. During his first trip, he had only American currency and was not sure of the accuracy of the transaction; However, during the second trip he only took Canadian currency and felt much better when he went out to eat. He fought Chad Brisson in 2002, a Canadian champion, which was his last fight.

Hernandez retired from boxing at the age of thirty-five. He stated that the income was not enough to support me and my family. Now I work every day. In addition, Angelo trains and mentors light, hard university and diploma seeking. Regarding Angelo's career, Hernandez states: "I don't want it to be used by the system as I was. I would like him to benefit from my first-hand experience. "

Culture shock from Thailand to the United States

Introduction

At fifty-seven, I was a divorced man who didn't really like to spend the rest of my life alone. I decided to try online dating. I have always traveled the world and my two children were adults, so I could go where the wind blows.

After several false starts I found a wonderful woman in Thailand. She was the head of Public Relations and a psychologist working in a state hospital. We exchanged emails and talked on Skype for six months. I did two trips to Thailand, and a year later we got married in a traditional Thai ceremony. I had to return to the United States, but my wife could not travel until she obtained a visa. So I returned to Arkansas, where I worked as a database administrator and waited patiently for ten months.

Finally, her documents were approved, she passed a medical examination and an interview and joined me in America. Although she traveled to other parts of the world, she was never in the United States. She experienced culture shock, but I helped her through difficult times, for example when she failed her driving test twice.

Time zone shock

The first shock my wife experienced was climate change and jet lag. After a long flight through the Pacific Ocean, delayed luggage, hours spent waiting in line at immigration, and then another flight to Arkansas, she was tired and the cold November air in Los Angeles trembled. The time zone difference between Thailand and the United States is twelve hours, so the nights were awake and in the afternoon she felt drowsy.

Language shock

For forty years she spoke only Thai. Her alphabet is 44 letters, with 21 letters and 5 tones. Each Thai child starts learning Thai at primary school. High school requires four years of English. But her English lessons were limited to one hour per week, so she spoke only a few phrases and did not know the correct pronunciation. She also spoke in her community Isarn dialect of northeastern Thailand. In her youth, she had no chance to speak or practice English. She was lucky that she was employed in an international hotel for several years, so she managed to practice some English with her manager, who was from France. She also listened to English pop music and repeated the lyrics.

When she arrived in the US, all the natives spoke too quickly and used slang words she had never heard before. Every time she talked to an American in a grocery store, restaurant, or socializing with my family, she felt shy and embarrassed. In Thailand she was a leader, a well-known speaker. Here she was a child. Her senses must have absorbed all these new sounds. For a long time she suffered a loss of confidence and missed home.

Imagine her sensitive ears when they hear something like this for the first time:

" Do you feel good there Want to get out and get some things in the store? We have to do it and this. Hey, what's UPP? Do you think everything is ok? Okey-Doky? "

Comfortably? What is he talking about? Guys I'm a lady, not a guy. I'm fine, I'm not a donkey.

Every day she encountered more slang words and had to learn vocabulary. What should she say when she was introduced to someone else? She did not know American culture. In America, people liked eye contact. In Thailand, people don't make eye contact for a long time. Americans like to touch. In her culture she did not like when someone touched her body. Every day she had to concentrate to continue the conversation. Simple things that people take for granted have found new ones. Thailand uses the metric system. In the US, people use the British measuring system.
She often had to repeat what she said because people didn't understand her.

Car shock

It was a great shock for her. In Thailand, people drive a car on the left. She came to the USA and everyone was on the wrong side. Imagine her confusion. I bought her a car one day after her arrival and told her to go home by car. She didn't understand the rules about stop signs and what the middle lane was for. There are no speed limit signs in Thailand. So she had to learn many types of signs. Every time she led, she was nervous and confused. Sometimes it turned wrong. She wanted to turn right, but turned left once. Everyone needed a car in America. She wondered how she would survive.

Twice she failed the driver's driving test. The first time she missed too many questions, and the computer did not let her come back. She studied for the whole month. The second time she did better, but the questions were different. The third time she finally passed. She was nervous sitting with the officer during the road test.

He said: "Not bad. Watch out for blind spots. "

A week after receiving the driving license, she was happy to drive home when she was stopped by the police for speeding. Fortunately, the officer only gave her a warning.

She was relieved! She thanked the Buddha. Then she followed the signs. American law seemed very strict. In Thailand, people negotiate a settlement with an officer.

Some examples of confusing traffic signs:

PEDXING – what is this? Is that an Indian name?

EFFICIENCY – what does it mean? Does it mean to go If you stop, someone yells at you.

STOP – In Thailand it is for pedestrians. The cars don't stop.

SCHOOL ZONE – Do we have to be quiet?

PARKING FOR THE DISABLED – We don't have it in Thailand. VIP speaker or guest?

JOIN – Place of meeting? Rest area?

4WAY STOP – Main street has priority!

Food Shock

My wife had problems when she ordered food in most restaurants. Ordering food was a real challenge.

1. Ordering fast food restaurants at the counter. She thought she had to tip the server. She also didn't know that you had to pay before serving the meal.

In Kentucky Fried Chicken, she wanted to order fried chicken. So the trick is that if you want legs and thighs, you order "Dark Meat", and if you want breasts and wings, you order "White Meat". She wanted legs, but ordered thighs. She thought the leg was a thigh. For her, the leg is chicken feet.

The server asked: "Which side do you want?"

"What size? Small size because I don't eat too much. "

"What?"

"I order 4 pieces. Small size."

"No, I mean the site. Which side do you want? "

"What is your size?"

"Beans, corn, white cabbage salad, mashed potatoes."

"Yes, corn."

"Corn on the cob or ordinary?"

What was she talking about now? Corn on a cup?

"Yes, I want sweet corn on the cup. A small cup. " Oh man. It gets confusing.

Food came and contained biscuits. My wife said, "I didn't order it. I didn't like it. "

"It comes with a meal."

"WELL." She ate thigh and corn on the cob.

She wanted to order fries in a fast food store. The server said it wasn't there. The fries were on the menu picture.

They said, "We have potato fries."

Is this the same She had to learn another term. She learned something every day.

2. Ordering "Drive Thru" She had problems passing. Once a store employee did not understand English pronunciation well, so her daughter was starving. Repeated five times without success.

3. Ordering "in a restaurant". The server will first offer a drink and then a complicated menu. She didn't understand all the menu items, but fortunately she liked trying new dishes. Once, she ordered salmon with white wine. She expected a glass of white wine, but the wine was used to cook salmon. Once she couldn't order alcohol because the waiter didn't believe he was forty. All customers who like to order alcohol must show an ID. In Thailand, they never ask for an ID.

The custom in the US is to include 10% tips in the bill. In Thailand, if you are not satisfied with the food you do not tip. In America, people usually talk about who will pay the bill. In Thailand, a rich member is expected to pay. If the group wants to negotiate who will pay, this should be done before eating.

Weather and snow shock

My wife comes from a land with a tropical climate. She never experienced snow. What a surprise to move to Arkansas and wake up one morning and see a white blanket of snow covering everything. At least in Arkansas there were mild winters, unlike the icy North, where snow could cover the ground for months.

During our first winter we had fun building a snowman and fighting for snowballs. But driving on icy roads was terrifying. Our house was in the steep hills, and sometimes I couldn't go to work for two or three days until the trucks arrived with dirt to melt the ice.

She bought very warm clothes, a heater, thick blankets, gloves and shoes to survive the winter.

Shopping

Buying clothes was a challenge. Most Americans were bigger than my wife. She had to look into the teen section to find the right size. Sometimes she tried to order online, but the clothes arrived were too big. She had to sew her clothes. So she no longer bought so much on the Internet.

She saw a sign in the city called "Flea market". She knew what flea meant. But she wondered why people need fleas? For the garden? In Thailand, people just kill them. She went inside and saw old things, used clothes and trinkets. I explained that the flea market only sold small things.

Debit or credit and check accounts

Most Americans spent money by credit card, debit card or check. In Thailand, most people pay in cash and by bank transfer. My wife asked me why I didn't give her cash. I gave her a debit card and explained that it was easier and safer to pay everything by card. So wherever she went, she paid with a debit card. She was excited that she could buy almost anything with one stroke of the card. At the supermarket, the cashier asked her if she wanted to get the cash back. She said for sure that I want cash back to my account.

No! This meant that people could get cash from their cash register account. In Thailand, people only receive cash at an ATM.

Once she went to Drive through in the bank. She was amazed and confused. She expected to meet a bank teller and ask for help. Unfortunately, she went to the outer lane. In Thailand they don't have Drive Through services and she didn't know how to operate the machine. She saw a round cylinder in a tube. How can I open it? She thought it might be the same as ordering food during a trip. She was communicating with an officer outside the window through a loudspeaker. She felt like a turtle. But the officer patiently explained how to operate the machine and made the first transit transaction. I laughed when I heard the story.

Vending machines were another secret during her first few months. The machine said, put in four quarters. What was a quarter? She had to learn the value of coins. Machines were also complicated. She had to learn how to use a washing machine, dryer, stove, fireplace, air conditioning, TV remote control, oven, dishwasher and disposal.

Buy in a grocery store

Shopping was fun, but buying groceries was so complicated. She had to learn about many types of new food. When she lived alone in Thailand, she usually bought meals from street vendors or ate in restaurants. In Thailand, food was cheaper. Now she had to learn to cook.

She liked to eat healthy food. He doesn't like junk food, sandwiches, hamburgers or pizza. She collected recipes and watched cooking programs. I liked Thai food, so I ate and liked everything she cooked.
She found Oriental markets and learned to cook from her mother and sister on Skype and learned from an online food channel.

The cost of food in the US was very expensive. Prices shocked her. For example, in Thailand, a bunch of bananas costs a quarter. In addition, she had a banana tree in her garden. In the oriental store it was almost four dollars. She didn't want to pay for it, but she wanted to eat it. Oriental Store did not contain all the meat, sauce and other items I needed. So she created her own recipes for Thai dishes. She had to be creative and learn to use the oven, dishwasher and strange Western kitchen gadgets. At least she could buy a rice pot and a steam pot. Rice was an essential part of every meal. She couldn't find the hot pot in the stores, so she found it online.

Medical shock

The cost of healthcare and dental care in America was so expensive. She wanted to order birth control pills. She couldn't without a prescription. In Thailand, people can buy tablets at the pharmacy without a prescription. She went to the dentist for annual cleaning, and he counted twenty dollars. In Thailand, the cost would be two hundred baht, or six dollars.

She went to the test because of a bad cough. The nurse asked her where do you want to pick up the medicine?

She said, "Here at the hospital."

The nurse said they didn't have medicine here.

What? This is a large hospital in the US. Why don't you have medicines? In Thailand, people can take medicine at a hospital pharmacy like the "one stop" service.

Then the woman told her that she had to choose the location of the pharmacy.

"Can I choose Walmart?"

The woman asked, "Which Walmart?"

She said the one close to Walmart's home office. She went for medicine at Walmart Superstore, near Walmart Home Office.

Shocked again! At the pharmacy, people lined up to meet the pharmacist at the window, and there were many ways to get medicine. On what line did she have to stand? Pick up the line, blow up or over the counter? What drug would she get? She really needed her medicine now.

She stood in a queue, talked to a pharmacy employee and gave them her prescription. The person behind the counter said her medicine was not here.

How could this happen? She took a deep breath.

The clerk told her that she must go to the Walmart Home Office pharmacy store.

Oh brother Please, I need medicine now. She didn't know there was a pharmacy in the supermarket and a pharmacy in Walmart's home office. So she drove a car and used a GPS navigator. She arrived at Walmart's home office and finally got the medicine! Whoopee!

How to get a job

My wife wanted to bring food home, pay bills and make her child proud of her too. She had 15 years of experience in marketing and public relations, but in America she had to start over. Knowledge of English was not perfect, which is why many employers refused to provide it. What work could she do in America? She took a physical therapy course, but we lived in a small town and there were several holes. She thought about getting a degree, but the cost was too high. She already had a master's degree in psychology, but was not recognized in the United States

She finally found a job supervising people with disabilities. And she started a home business.

Stay calm

So for other people who experience culture shock, her advice is: keep calm. You win. She prayed to the Buddha and meditated, listened to relaxing music, went to exercise at the gym, began to play tennis and made new friends. She sought Thai people in the community, cared for her garden, and soon felt at home in America. She remodeled the house and talked to her family in Thailand every week using Skype & # 39; a. I was a good listener and explained her many things. I liked her Thai dishes.

So keep a positive attitude, do not be afraid of culture shock. You will experience it and choose a stronger and happier person.

American Mobster – Owney Maddon – Head of the Gophers Street Gang

Owney "The Killer" Madden was an anomaly in the world of gangsters in New York, mainly because he was not Italian or even Jewish. Madden was British, son of an transferred Irish docker; born and raised and devoted to the life of his homeland – merry old England. In fact, although Madden was an American criminal for sixty years, he did not give up his English passport until 1950, when he was threatened with deportation.

Owen "Owney" Madden was born on Somerset Street 25 in Leeds, England, on December 18, 1891. In need, his father moved the Madden family to Liverpool. In 1903, when young Madden was only 12 years old, his father died and his mother moved his family to America, settling on the west side of Manhattan, in a treacherous district called "Hells Kitchen". Madden fell into a brutal band known as Raiders and became proficient in the privileged crimes of the era; robberies, robberies and beatings at work. Madden was skilled at using countless weapons, including a slingshot and brass knuckles, but his favorite weapon was a lead pipe wrapped in a newspaper. His main source of income was the "insurance business", in which Madden sold "bomb insurance" to dozens of local buyers who were worried about bombing their businesses, from Madden himself. As a member of the Gopher, Madden was arrested forty-four times, but he managed to jail each time.

When he was seventeen, Madden earned the nickname 'The Killer' because he shot an unarmed Italian on the street in the street for no reason, except that he could. After killing Madden, he stood over the dead body and told the crowd: "I'm Owney Madden!" When he was twenty-three, Madden had at least five other murders.

Once upon a time Madden's braggadocio almost cost him his life. On November 6, 1912, at Arbor Dance Hall, which was at the heart of territory controlled by rivals Gopher – Hudson Dusters, Madden himself entered the hall during the Dave & # 39; s Hyson Association. He watched the events from the balcony when eleven Hudson Dusters surrounded him and filled his body with six pieces of lead. He was taken to hospital, where a detective asked Madden, who shot him.

"Nothin & # 39; doin, & # 39; "said Madden. "It's not my business, it's mine that puts these snails in me. My boys will get them. " By the time Madden was released from the hospital, six of his eleven attackers had already been shot.

While Madden was recovering, one of his companions, Little Patsy Doyle, thought he might be using Madden's weakened state as a reason to take control of the gang. However, the main reason for Doyle's anger & # 39; and was that Madden stole Fredie Horner, Doyle's girlfriend & # 39; a. When news of Doyle's intentions arrived in Madden, he used Miss Horner to lure Doyle & # 39; into the salon at Eight Avenue and Forty-First Street, where Madden and his two gunners shot Doyle & # 39; a. Madden was arrested three days later and at his trial Miss Horner turned and testified against Madden. He was sentenced to Sing Sing Prison for 10-20 years, but only eight, released in 1923.

When he stepped out into the streets again, Madden discovered that his Gopher gang had dispersed, so he threw himself primarily into bootleg business. There, Madden was promoted to class and was considered equal to such gangsters as Lucky Luciano, Frank Costello, Louis Lepke, Bugsy Siegel and Meyer Lansky. Madden also dealt with nightclub activities, opening the legendary Cotton Club in Harlem, which he bought from former heavyweight champion Jack Johnson.

His relationship with Johnson led Madden to a boxing business, where he cultivated the career of an Italian carnival maniac, weighing sixty-six inches and weighing 285 pounds by Primo Canera. Madden fed Canera with so many rigidity and configurations that without Canera's talent she was able to win the world heavyweight championships. He did this by inflicting an invisible blow against champion Jack Sharkey in the 6th round at the Madison Square Garden Bowl in Long Island City. Sharkey apparently dived and reportedly received a lot of money for it. When Madden first placed Canera in a difficult situation against the Jewish heavyweight sensation Max Baer, ​​he was knocked down ten times before the judge fortunately stopped the fight in the 11th round. Of course, Madden made a lot of money by betting on Baer, ​​who, due to Canera's dreaded reputation, entered the fight as being slightly weaker.

In 1932, Madden was arrested for violating parole, and when he was released a few months later, he decided that he had accumulated enough cash throughout his life to move to Hot Springs, Arkansas. There, Madden opened several casinos / hotels that were used as hideouts for gangsters from New York, and even married Postmaster's daughter. Madden was granted US citizenship in 1943 and after being affected by emphysema, Madden died in his bed in 1965 at the age of 74. Apparently he has accumulated a fortune of $ 3 million, but it is not surprising that none of this money was ever found after his death.

Crack in the Mirror – Stymulation Poems of Avanturous World Travels by Jan Oskar Hansen

The first poem, which has the title of the book "Crack in the Mirror", is parallel to the poem "Misfit" from January 2008. Return book. Crack in the Mirror highlights his ship leaving without him. He's stuck in the hotel room he must leave now; first, however, he needs a drink. Similarly, in "Misfit" he is in fancy suits and lawyers' costumes; however, after changing clothes back to the sea dress, he sees the boat leave the pier. He tastes blood running to his boat, but it has left him too late. After returning to the elegant restaurant where the lawyers were, they saw him as a waiter and asked him to bring them drinks. After leaving his boat Crack in the Mirror he kept two fingers in the air, leaving one to think which two. The answer should be as obvious as possible. Poor Hansen!

Crack in the Mirror has many scenes from many places where John apparently set foot. This volume will take the reader to Spain; Caribbean; Paris in September, where there is melancholy; wedding in Brussels; September in Norway, where he remembers going home after a whiskey drink; Egypt and the Suez Canal; In spring in Portugal, where the snow is clean and God's footprints are visible; Rome, where a soldier of the Roman centurion meets invisible terrorists; Argentina, where it hides in the stomach of a dead horse; and Denmark, where he likes to dance with a virgin with brown eyes and a promising flare. These and many other amazing and unforgettable adventures are waiting for your eyes and mind.

The family is always close to John's heart, while the sibling rivalry seems to permeate. The reports are part of his poems that read like a novel about members of his family. For example, an uncle who leaves the room just to eat disappears one day; his mother, who goes to the beach with him in the summer, buys him ice cream and hugs him; his father at Ash & Victory, who drinks straight from the bottle and slams the door; and his brother Swiss, who is hostile and speaks in his letters, exuding resentment. This family is certainly fun and reminiscent of a movie.

Thoughts of war are not far from John's mind because he knows that war affects many people's lives. For example, the following lines depict the case: "Forgotten" – is an excellent example of the memory of war. "Soldier Hero" grabs posthumous medals soft as a patch for grief ulcers. The thought of suicide bombers who think they will live forever is shocking. "Ghost" enlivens the images of the end of the war and returning home for a meal. The "child of war" who sits on a steed and leads iron people into oblivion is quite a scene. The "sense of life" about how people hurt when swords swing, will put you on the edge of your seat. The issue of "American soldiers" still in Iraq after five years, depicting brave working children who are being manipulated, will move your thoughts. Reading "The Amazing Misfortune of War," we find a janitor who is too old to serve in the navy to see the world, which will make you wonder. While reading these songs, symbols and images that are quite vivid pop up on you.

The use of different forms of poems tells a lot of stories in this volume. The narrative form of the poem flows with ease of reading; the variety of senry songs consisting of three lines will stimulate the senses of sight and sound; visualization comes to life in a quiet form of seven lines; and the four-line form of four lines also has a strong influence. Some songs flow like prose poetry with the improvement of TS Elliot. Interestingly, TS Elliot participates in the conversation with the poem "Versifiers, Wine and Nature" and has some great thoughts. This is an excellent volume of poems by Jan Hansen. You have to read it to appreciate it. Distinctive techniques that strengthen poems include: alliteration, assonance, climax, character, antagonist, figurative language, specific detail, speech figure, rhyming, mood and metaphor, to name a few.

What is the law of attraction?

More and more people have watched the Secret and want to learn more about the law of attraction. Many want to learn how to improve or change their lives. Others have heard about the law of attraction, but they have no idea what it is or how it can affect their lives.

I suppose it's best to start with the question, "What is the law of attraction?"

The Law of Attraction is a natural law of nature that attracts to your life what you pay attention to, energy and focus.

Let me give you some examples.

There is a person we all met in our lives whom I call Negative Nellie. Nellie is always complaining about something, generally not feeling well and seems to have various pains. He usually faces one dilemma.

I call another person Positive Patty. She is a person who seems to be up to date. She is always optimistic, seems to enjoy one big event after another, wins things and just seems to lead a charming life.

Both are examples of how the Law of Attraction works. What we always pay attention to, energy and focus, is attracted to our lives. If we have positive, optimistic thoughts, we will attract positive events to our lives. On the other hand, if we spend time thinking about negative issues, such as debt, lack of free time, unhappy relationships, we encourage you to do the same.

You can learn how to change your life and attract more of what you want to your life and less of what you don't want. Basically change your thoughts and change your life.

I use Law of Attraction every day. It brought me much more joy and happiness, as well as many wonderful things.

In November my husband and I were in business in Nevada. Our company ended earlier than expected and we were dealing with finding a hotel in Las Vegas because it was the airport we were supposed to fly from. It so happened that events took place and the rooms available were far beyond our price range. I launched the Law of Attraction, and my husband and I decided to go on a two-day trip to the Grand Canyon and meet friends in Arizona. It was during this trip that my husband found a great deal for us in Las Vegas while checking online. Luxor, a hotel / casino on the strip in Las Vegas, offered four nights for the price of three. It would work on our budget. He also found availability in a new casino / hotel near the Hoover Dam the second night we would need, and because we both wanted to see the Hoover Dam, it was the perfect solution. Now some of you may call it a coincidence or mere happiness. For me, I know that this was the answer of the universes to my request. I experience many such things. Last summer, when I was coming back from Arkansas, my husband told me to call the Marriott Hotel in Tennessee. I wanted to stay by the river in a room with a nice view. I called the hotel and asked for a room. They made my reservation, and when we arrived, we learned that we were moved – at no extra charge – to a room on the first floor of the concierge. When we entered our room, we had the most fantastic view plus all the amenities and convenience of a concierge floor! Again, the Law of Attraction brought me more of what I wanted in my life. My husband can also benefit.

Probably the best example came during Christmas. My husband and I were to fly to Christmas Eve in Colorado to surprise grandchildren on Christmas morning. However, all the car parks, including the pilot, were full, and people were asked to take them to the airport. With no one to do this for us (everyone was alone outside the home), we had no alternative but to drive. My husband planned to go to his office and take a taxi from there. However, I decided to send a request for parking space to the universe on September 22. On the way to my husband's office on the 24th day, we took a chance and drove by the car parks at the airport.

They were all closed, but one had a guardian at the gate. We stopped and got out and asked if there was any parking. He told me that the airport had just started allowing travelers to use the car park every hour at a daily rate! We went directly there and instead of having to take a bus from a distant plot to the terminal, we parked in a covered area right next to our terminal. Wow! If that wasn't enough, we were 45 minutes late from Colorado when we returned, which meant that we would probably be late for our connecting flight in Phoenix. The whole flight I saw as we make our flight. When we got to Phoenix and ran to our gate at the opposite end of the terminal, the door was already closed. We went to the person at the desk and showed our passes. They called the plane and were allowed to board! Not only did we return home, but we also found luggage.

I could go on but you have an idea. Since the discovery of the law of attraction, my life has changed dramatically. As a life coach and practitioner of the law of attraction, I teach my clients how to understand and apply the law of attraction to their own lives. It is a great feeling to know that you have helped another person live a happier and more pleasant life. There is nothing like this!

Medical cannabis: insight into the patient's journey

BACKGROUND

To date, medical cannabis is legalized in the United States in 30 states, including:

Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connectiut, Delaware, DC, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusets, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Hamshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota , Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington and West Virgina.

Each of these states has its own rules and guidelines for use and qualifications.

Here in Florida, the marijuana legalization initiative, also called Amendment 2, was released on November 8, 2016. For qualified patients under the supervision of a qualified and licensed medical cannabis doctor. In addition, the amendment was adopted in total 6,518,919 (71.32%) YES votes and 2 621 845 (28.68%) NO votes.

The federal government has classified cannabis as a schedule 1 drug, which causes doctors to prescribe marijuana for their patients. Cannabis doctors may only recommend marijuana in accordance with state law, which may apply for up to 1 year. Patients cannot go to a pharmacy to fill out a medical marijuana prescription.

Pursuant to strict regulations, medical cannabis cannot be associated with any medical cannabis distributor or clinic.

Only some patients with "debilitating ailments" are protected under this amendment. Ailments classified according to its provisions include PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), Chronic Muscle Cramps, Multiple Sclerosis, Seizures, Glaucoma, Crohn's Disease, Crohn's Disease, Cancer, HIV / AIDS, ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or Lou Gehrig & # 39; s Disease) and Parkinson & # 39; s Disease.

Although the above complaints have been identified as "primary debilitating conditions," in accordance with this provision, Amendment 2 also indicated: "or any other ailment / condition of similar severity / symptoms, according to the physician's opinion that the medical use of marijuana outweighs any potential risks for one's health ".

There are currently about 56 known and noted cannabis doctors in Florida.

More information and details on this topic can also be found on the Florida Department of Health website (http://www.floridahealth.gov) on how to become a medical marijuana patient in Florida. More detailed information on amendment 2 can also be found here.

PARKINSON'S DISEASE

A few months ago I came across a video on Facebook about a man with Parkinson's disease who was given an injection of medical marijuana. The movies before and after were impressive. Before the surgery you can see the significant tremor, stuttering and abnormal posture of this man. A later video showed a completely different person. His speech was understandable and heard. He didn't stutter, trembled and showed very controlled movements. This man was walking and speaking like an ordinary person. He also shared how he improved his quality of life.

As a physiotherapist with experience in different cultures, I personally have mixed feelings about medical cannabis. However, as a healthcare professional, observing one of my patient's significant changes in relation to marijuana use is a real revelation.

Mr. JL with Parkinson's disease

For over five years, Mr. JL has come to me with breaks for physical treatment because of problems associated with Parkinson's disease. Knowing the progressive nature of the disease, I watched this gentle soul deal with the effects of this debilitating ailment. His primary physician will refer him to treatment when he begins to develop weakness, stiffness, tremor, and above all, problems with balance when reporting falls at home.

We saw him every time for about six to eight weeks. We worked to improve his coordination, strength, flexibility and balance, mainly to ensure his safety and self-sufficiency at home when he lives alone. He is also to refrain from falling, which predisposes him to more serious injuries and complications.

Change

About a few weeks ago he came to the office to arrange physical therapy because he was referred again by his doctor. Working with this patient for years, I tried to find out what had changed in him. I watched and watched carefully when I made the initial assessment. Perhaps he noticed the curiosity that bothered me because he gave me a knowing smile. Not being able to stop my curiosity anymore, I asked him, "Mr. J., what have you been doing?" Mr. J just laughed and asked me why curiosity!

Well, I finally realized that Mr. J. barely had tremors on his right hand, where he used to show the typical tremor of this disease. His neck was even and not shifted to the right. What's more, his speech was clearer! Another thing that hit me was that he was going better. Not great, but he was able to turn around without shuffling, as I've seen for years.

He finally shared with me that he had started taking medical marijuana for over a month, as his neurologist recommended. His friend apparently mentioned a Facebook video about a man with severe Parkinson's disease. This man received a marijuana injection, and the change was visible after a few minutes. This apparently prompted him to consult his main doctor and then a neurologist.

The change I saw in Mr. J. after more than a month of taking marijuana is significant. His speech improved. His voice is deeper and more audible. He didn't stutter and had more control over his right hand after a nearly non-existent tremor. He also stands upright. His balance and coordination have improved, all the more thanks to the advanced balance training he is currently receiving.

During therapy sessions, Mr. J could bounce the ball faster on the floor with greater accuracy. We saw him throw and catch the ball in a standing position without being held by anyone. Once someone stood behind him and held him because he had slow reactions and feedback. His walking also improved. Just a few months ago, he pulled his right foot and walked very slowly. He would lose his balance at the slightest attempt to turn or raise his leg higher to stand on one leg.

These seemingly subtle changes in him for just over a month of using marijuana changed his life. He said he felt more relaxed and less afraid of falling. Able to do simple homework with greater confidence and is able to tolerate more advanced therapeutic exercises during physiotherapy sessions. He does not feel so tired and is able to perform more tasks during the day.

Mr. J is still on this journey and wanted to share this experience and tell me his story. Knowing him and his origin, he is not the type of person who would take marijuana uncritically for mere rest and indulgence.

About Mr. JL

Mr. J is from Central New York and moved to Florida. He was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease about seven (7) years ago. He was the designer of the very prestigious Chinese producer Syracuse, whose clients are the White House, 5-star hotels and prestigious restaurants. He was also a member of the Barber Shop Quartet as a tenor for SPEBSQSA (Society for the Preservation and Incourage of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America) and was on several amateur programs on Broadway in New York. He was an art teacher for middle school students teaching drawing.

His life changed when he was called to serve at some point in 1986. He became involved in healing services, which he revealed mainly concerned people with tumors. He traveled abroad to expand his healing ministry. This attracted so much attention that even the media noticed and made several accounts about his ministry. He is now retired and lives in Palm Bay, Florida.

It's a privilege to meet this unique person who has done so much in his youth. He devoted so much time and commitment to helping others. I really appreciate the humanitarian service that J performed and how his service affected so many lives. I consider him to be another unknown hero of my time.

His willingness to share a fragment of his story is a privilege. What's more, the opportunity to work with him to further develop and see motivation and determination over the years is a very inspiring experience.

Mr. JL's personal battle with Parkinson's disease.

Mr. J, he shared, was officially diagnosed with Parkinson's disease about seven years ago. He was looked after by an internal medicine practitioner practicing in Palm Bay, Florida.

About Parkinson's disease

As described by Mayo clinic staff: "Parkinson's disease is a progressive disease of the nervous system that affects movement. It develops gradually, sometimes with barely noticeable shaking with only one hand. But although tremor can be a good … known symptom of Parkinson's disease, this disorder often causes stiffness or slow motion. "

Later effects of the disease include: an expressionless face, also known as facial masking or hypomime, and a decrease in speech quality, which can be blurred, soft and even stuttering. These are very common in patients I have worked with. It also affects the patient's walking ability. Loss of arm oscillation due to torso stiffness, stiffness and walking due to lack of coordination.

Unfortunately, this disease is progressing and current medications are aimed at improving symptoms, but not necessarily medicine.

A lot of treatment research is currently underway, including surgery to regulate certain areas of the brain and electrostimulation.

However, there is currently no standard cure treatment, according to the National Parkinson Foundation.

In addition, medication, lifestyle modification, exercise and rest are recommended.

Prescription Drugs

Currently prescribed drugs include: carbidopa-levodopa, carbidopa-levodopa infusion, dopamine agonists, MAO-B inhibitors, catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT inhibitors), anticholinergic drugs and amantadine. Source: Mayo Clinic Organization

Parkinsons and Surgery

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a procedure involving the implantation of electrodes into specific areas of the brain using a generator implanted in the chest area near the collarbone, which sends impulses to the brain to reduce symptoms. However, this is not a medicine and it has many risks and side effects. Both the drug and DBS will not stop the disease from progressing.

Parkinson and physical therapy

Physiotherapists are beginning to work with this type of patients at various stages of the disease. This is primarily due to a functional decline resulting from a lack of coordination, dyskinesia (involuntary movements) and stiffness, which makes intentional and spontaneous movements very burdensome.

These problems can hinder even the most basic functions such as feeding, care and toilets. Walking becomes very uncertain. The shuffling gait is very common where it is difficult for them to take the first step (because of bradykinesia – very slow motion), but once they leave, it is also very difficult to stop. Many of these patients are at high risk of falling, and a large number in advanced stages become completely dependent on care.

With regard to physical therapy, patient education on appropriate exercises, movement strategies, task modifications, gait training and fall prevention strategies is part of the overall care plan and functional intervention. They are also often referred to as speech therapy for speech and feeding problems and occupational therapy to provide basic self-care and the function of the hands or upper limbs.

The battle of Mr. J

I first collaborated with Mr. J. about 5 years ago. Although at that time he was not at an advanced stage of the disease, he already manifested the main visible symptoms of the disease: trembling of the hands and neck, masked faces, stiffness and a significant lack of coordination. He walked very slowly, shuffled and even walked from room to room for a long time because he was unable to turn quickly. When he turns around, he tends to lose balance and fall. His reflexes were very slow. He could barely catch the ball or bounce it. His speech was blurred, barely audible, and he had stuttering. He had difficulty climbing in and out of straight curbs and stairs. He fell several times due to balance problems.

Mr. J persisted in the physical therapy program and was always very motivated. In each of the episodes, to which he was transmitted to us for years, he always showed improvement and always followed the specific exercise program that we rewritten. However, due to the progressive nature of the disease, he had a physical decline and we had to work with him again.

He told the story of the first time he noticed a change in him from Parkinson's. First of all, he mentioned it when he taught drawing junior high school students in his art class in New York. He said he gradually had difficulty drawing and using his right hand because he began to tremble. The rest occurred with a change in facial expression, stiffness and stiffness all the time. Over the years, the situation worsened, until his move to Florida.

Under the care of an internist, he was prescribed Sinemet and other medications that he had been taking for years.

The last time I saw him on treatment at the beginning of 2016, where he had significant tremors in his right hand and involuntary twitching in the neck. His masked faces advanced, his face almost fell, and he walked with so much shuffling and difficulty. He could barely move one foot in front of the other. He also reported falls due to worsening balance problems.

That is why, when I saw him in March this year, I saw in him a significant change that he attributed to medical marijuana.

Medical marijuana: capsules and jelly beans

Later he shared his story. Having learned about the potential benefits of marijuana in Parkinson's disease, he consulted his main doctor who referred him for further consultation with his neurologist. His neurologist recommended trying marijuana because of the progression of Parkinson's disease.

Mr. J then began medical hemp capsules, which, he said, contained about 30 pieces of 25 mg capsules. It cost about USD 80, including shipping costs. Along with his parcel, a trial pack of jelly beans was delivered in the version about 5 jelly beans in a packet. According to him, the capsules were bitter and he took one capsule a day.

He added that after taking the first capsule, he felt so relaxed and calm. He could move, get up and get out of bed easier, get in and out of the chair better. He also noticed that for the first time his tremors were much smaller.

Mr. J said he liked hemp jelly beans more because they tasted more like candies and were tastier than capsules. What's more, the effect of jelly beans seemed much faster than capsules and was much cheaper. Capsules per piece would cost around USD 3 each, and jelly beans would be around USD 1 each.

To mimic the action of jellies, Mr J said he was trying to melt the capsule under his tongue to remove the edge of his bitterness. He also chewed on ordinary gummy bear candies. It worked for him.

Until now, Mr. J is continuing physical therapy, in which we can see that he tolerates and performs high-level training tasks that he was unable to do before. His right hand has little or no tremor, no more tremors around his neck, and his reflexes have improved. I can see it thanks to his ability to take turns and not lose his balance. We do not need to hold it when it catches, throws or bounces the ball to improve its protective reflexes, which is necessary for it not to fall. it can raise feet higher when walking, and its shuffling is much smaller.

Still aware of the progressive nature of this disease, it is inspirational to see how this very gentle, kind, intelligent and talented person overcomes the simple everyday functional obstacles caused by this debilitating and irreversible disease.

For a population affected by devastating diseases, a daily victory in the ability to move and perform tasks that seem so trivial to most of us is a blessing.

Legalizing medical marijuana is and will continue to be a congressional struggle. We all have different positions and strong opinions on this subject. Research is ongoing into its pros and cons. I foresee greater awareness of its existence as an alternative treatment for various diseases that do not respond to conventional medicine and treatment.

However, as a medical specialist, it is a satisfaction to see functional changes in Mr. J., how he is able to remain independent and self-sufficient despite his disability.

I am currently working on finding a person who can also share the negative effects of medical marijuana with me. I would like to hear from you and be able to share my journey and experience anonymously.

Contact me if you have anything to share.

Greetings for a great day and until the next article!

Mobsters – The Cotton Club

BLACK WAS ON THE STAGE.

WHITE WAS AT THE TABLES.

MOBSTERY WAS AROUND THE SCENES.

AND EVER EVERYTHING HAS BEEN HIS MAGIC – Jim Haskins – "The Cotton Club".

In 1890 Harlem was a dream of land speculators. The elevated railways, which were extended to 129th Street in Manhattan, transformed the inland area into what was called the "Great Migration".

At that time, black families lived mainly in the area between Thirty Seven Streets and Fifty Eight Streets, between the eighth and ninth avenues. The upper crust of society saw Harlem as the next step for the rising, as a result of which magnificent homes, costing thousands more than comparable downtown, were built as soon as speculators could acquire Harlem.

In 1905, the bottom of the real estate market in Harlem fell to the floor. Land speculators were forced to face the fact that the house was built too quickly and that prices were much higher than people were willing to pay for it.

On the verge of bankruptcy, land speculators used tactics that would be illegal today. They decided to rent their buildings to black tenants, well above what white tenants would charge. Then, in a frenzy, to recover their losses, land speculators turned to the owners of white buildings and told them that if they did not buy vacant buildings, they would rent them only to Black, thereby reducing the value of the white landowner. s properties. White landowners did not bite, so land speculators kept their promises. The whites began to move out of Harlem in a crowd, replaced by black families who had never lived in such a beautiful area before. Black churches followed their congregations from the slums of Manhattan to the splendor of Harlem, and in the early 1920s Harlem was the largest black community in the United States.

However, most Negroes could not afford the high rents charged by the owners of white buildings, so they accepted tenants, causing two, and sometimes three families to live in one or two bedrooms. Along with Harlem's overpopulation, there has been an influx of illegal enterprises such as runners, prostitution houses and drug dealers. This was counteracted somewhat when wealthy blacks, mainly in the entertainment industry, decided that Harlem could showcase his talents in a district full of people of their race. Fritz Pollard, a well-known American football player who made money on real estate, moved to Harlem, as did American football colleague Paul Robeson – who was destined to improve his acting career and singing on stage. Famous singers such as Ethel Walters and Florance Mills quickly followed them, and Harlem was ready for a renaissance equal to glowing White Way on Broadway.

But when it was time to make money, white gangsters like Dutch Schultz and Owney "The Killer" Madden were ready to jump in and pick up their profits, if necessary by force, and they did business anyway. Schultz entered the business with Harlem numbers, chasing such black personalities as Madam Stephanie St. Claire and Caspar Holstein. And at the peak of Prohibition, Madden looked at the perfect place to sell his vodka: Club Deluxe on 142st Street and Lenox Avenue.

Club Deluxe was owned by former world heavyweight champion Jacek Johnson, the first world heavyweight champion in the world. While Johnson was proficient in fists, Madden and his awesome crew did well with weapons, knives and bats. A few words to choose from, supported by the threat of violence, with a few modest bucks, and Johnson gave Club Deluxe to Madden and his partner / manager George & # "Big Frenchy" DeMange. Two gangsters renamed him Cotton Club.

In order not to insult the black man completely with Johnson's prestige, Madden threw him a bone and let him hang around the pond, illuminated by a dragon. Johnson smiled and told everyone who asked that he was an assistant manager at DeMange.

To understand why such a heavy heavyweight boxer like Johnson curled up in front of Madden, who was only five feet five inches and 140 pounds after a great dinner, one would have to realize Madden's descent.

Owen "Owney" Madden was born on Somerset Street 25 in Leeds, England, on December 18, 1891. In need, his father moved the Madden family to Liverpool. In 1903, when young Madden was only 12 years old, his father died and his mother moved her family to America, settling on the west side of Manhattan, in a district called "Hells Kitchen".

Madden came up with a noisy gang known as Gophers. He became fluent in the privileged crimes of that era: robberies, robberies and the beating of workers' robots. To hurt and intimidate Madden's favorite weapon was a lead pipe wrapped in a newspaper.

Madden made a lot of money in rockets called the "insurance business." As president of his own "insurance company," Madden visited local factories and told business owners that the owner needed "bomb insurance," in case foreigners, or maybe even Madden himself, decided to bomb a businessman shop. Business owners quickly caught the wind and paid Madden what he demanded. If they had not paid Madden, this businessman's stores would have burst into flames and debris within days, and sometimes even hours. While Madden was a Gopher member and made a lot of money in his "insurance business," he was arrested 44 times, but never once went to jail.

When Madden was 17 years old, he gained the nickname "Killer". The poor Italian immigrant did nothing wrong except crossing the paths with Madden on the street in the kitchen of Hell. In front of the crowd of his compatriots and those who stood on the street that day, Madden drew his weapon and shot the Italians. Then Madden stood over the corpse and told the crowd: "I am Owney Madden!"

At age 23, Madden had at least five other murders. Hence the nickname "Killer".

However, Madden thought he was bulletproof until November 6, 1912. At Arbor Dance Hall, which was at the heart of the territory controlled by rivals Gopher & # 39; a: Hudson Dusters. Madden himself entered the hall, as if he had no care in the world, during a dance issued by the Dave & # 39; Association Hyson. Madden watched the events from the balcony when eleven Hudson Dusters surrounded him and shot Madden six times. Madden was taken to the hospital, where a detective asked Madden, who shot him.

"Nothin & # 39; doin, & # 39; "said Madden. "It's not my business, it's mine that puts these snails in me. My boys will get them. "

By the time Madden was released from the hospital, six of his eleven attackers had already been shot.

While Madden recovered from his wounds, one of his companions, Little Patsy Doyle, stated that he would take control of the Madden gang. Doyle also intended to recover his ex-girlfriend Freda Horner, who was now the exclusive property of Madden. Miss Horner told Madden about Doyle's intentions, and as a result Madden told Miss Horner to tell Doyle that she would happily meet him on a date in the lounge on Eighth Avenue and 41st Street. When Doyle arrived, dressed for nines and all smiles, two Madden shooters shot Doyle & # 39; a.

Being an obvious suspect, Madden was arrested three days later for the murder of Little Patsy Doyle. During Madden's trial, he was shocked to discover that Miss Horner had betrayed him too. Miss Horner testified in court that Madden organized the murder of Doyle & # 39; a. As a result, Madden was convicted and sentenced to 10-20 years in Sing Sing prison. He was only eight years old and was released in 1923, just in time for Jacson Johnson to promote him in the sale of Club Deluxe, or Cotton Club. At that time, Madden was a big fan of bootleging with his partner Big Bill Dwyer, and Cotton Club was the perfect place to sell an illegal bang, especially the famous Madden No. 1 beer, which was considered the best brew in New York. They took a legal guy named Herman Stark as their frontman / partner / stage manager, but the show's show was completely hosted by Madden and DeMange.

According to Jim Haskins' The Cotton Club, when Madden and DeMange took over the joint, they redone the interior "to satisfy the taste of a white man in downtown." The club was rebuilt in a "jungle" with numerous artificial palm trees scattered throughout the spacious facility, which could accommodate 700 people. The most exquisite curtains, tablecloths and equipment were purchased, which indicates that it was a "supper club plush" and exorbitant prices highlighted this fact. The menu was varied. In addition to traditional steaks and cutlets, Cotton Club also cooks Chinese and Mexican dishes on the drums, as well as "Harlem" dishes such as fried chicken and grilled spare parts.

DeMange was controlling the front door like a tyrant. One rule was completely clear. Although all the waiters, buses, bartenders, cooks, service workers and contractors were black, no black man was allowed inside. (The very name – Cotton Club – comes from the light brown color of un-dyed cotton). The girls with the chorus had to be "tall, brown, and gorgeous," which meant they must be at least five-six inches tall, light-skinned, and not older than twenty-one. The girls also had to be expert dancers, or at least they could carry a melody. For some unknown reason, there were no shade restrictions for black dancers who were proficient in "walking, spinning and dancing the snake."

To show how harsh Madden and DeMange approached their segregation policy, about a month before the second grand opening (The Cotton Club was closed for some time by Prohibition agents, although local policemen were on the pad), the following interview work took place. Madden and DeMange, their choreographer Althea Fuller and orchestra conductor Andy Preer were present. The girl interviewed was Queenie Duchamp.

DeMange to Madden: Boss, when will the club be ready to open?

Madden: Pigs have not troubled us for some time. They know that if we are forced to shut down due to bootlegging, they will not win their bonuses. At the moment, they lack additional lining, and the boys complain about Sarge. Yes, they learned their lesson. As for the club performance … let's ask Althea and Andy & # 39; ego.

DeMange to Preer: Andy, how's the pit there? Ready to open next month?

Preer: We will. If Althea prepares his girls, the pit is ready to step.

Althea Fuller: Boss, we had a failure. One of the girls went and found a "moral conscience". He follows his sister Garveyite back to Africa. It is a pity that she looked on the first line. Don't worry, boss, I already have deputies ready to be interviewed today. One of them looks promising and contains a recommendation. She is in the first place, third in … Queena Duchamp. First, let's check if he remembers the steps she taught that morning.

(Andy Preer leads the orchestra at the audition "I & 39 I found a new child" and 5 dancing girls. Queenie Duchamp is third from the left).

Madden: Stop the third and fifth. The other girls are too dark and short. Althea, make sure you familiarize them with the rules and the trials. We do NOT do intestinal spoon surgery here.

(Madden goes out with his bodyguards)

Fuller: Queenie, come here. You have work on several conditions.

Queenie: Whatever you want, Miss Fuller.

Fuller: Number one – No alcohol, No boys, No drugs. No exceptions.

Queenie: Yes, miss.

Fuller: Number two – rehearsals take place on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, starting at 13:00. All attempts are MANDATORY and late arrivals will not be accepted. I don't know what you heard, but the rehearsals here are exhausting and the performances are long, with many complicated costume changes. That means you can't afford to be vulgar here. Make sure you eat and rest. Do you understand?

Queenie: Yes, Miss Fuller.

Fuller: Number three – No customer mixing. Every night, about 700 white people pass through this door. And according to Mr. Madden, they have only one purpose here and spend money. They come here to hear the best negro music and dance numbers in town. They may act as if they want to be your friend after a few drinks, but they don't. Mr. Madden doesn't want to mix races, and I think it's better for business anyway.

DeMange: If a white customer begins to create problems or tries to connect with you, tell me. I'll take care of it. It happened earlier. Sometimes these rich people drink a few drinks in them and think they are the owners of the world. Don't worry about it, let me know. We're running a tight ship here.

Queenie: Yes, Mr. DeMange. No problem, Fuller. I am an entertainer and I understand the importance of practice. In fact, I'm a singer, a blues singer! If you ever need a singer … (Mrs. Fuller and Mr. DeMange look at each other.)

Fuller: Listen, miss. Your goal is to dance, smile and follow the rules … not to sing. I understand?

Queenie: Yes, Miss Fuller. I understand.

Fuller: Another thing … stay out of trouble. You are an observer, and the world of the club can be dirty and dangerous. It doesn't have to be this way. Take care for yourself and whatever you do, stay away from Mr. Madden. If you do this, everything will be fine. Now go to the closet on the fitting.

Queenie: Yes and thank you, Miss Fuller.

The cotton club was immediately successful thanks to the waves of the city center. On the opening night, the Fletcher Henderson band entertained the crowd (the Henderson band was a home band until June 1931). Thanks to radio broadcasts from Cotton Club every night, Henderson's band was so successful that they became one of the most sought-after band leaders in America. Behind Henderson was the Duke Ellington Band (until 1934), followed by Cab Calloway and the Cotton Club Orchestra.

Despite the fact that Madden's No. 1 beer was the only alcohol served, customers could and even were encouraged to bring their own alcohol, which they had obtained illegally elsewhere. Of course, the management had a huge set-up fee, which included glasses, ice and mixers. If the customer came unprepared and still wanted vodka instead of beer, a porter and sometimes even a waiter came in handy. A bottle of champagne can cost a client 30 USD, a bottle of scotch 18 USD, the royal sum at that time. But customers were well healed and no one ever bothered about prices; at least nobody cared about their health.

After a while, DeMange and Madden slightly clarified the rules of "banning black customers." It happened in 1932, immediately after WC Handy, known as "The King of the Blues", was refused admission, despite the fact that Duke Ellington Band was playing songs written by Handy & # 39; ego. Ellington referred his case to Madden, and Madden agreed to loosen his policy. But only a little.

Light-skinned blacks were now admitted as clients, as well as several darker blacks who were well-known artists themselves. Blacks at mixed events were definitely not.

Writer and photographer Carl Van Vechten wrote: "There were brutals at the door to enforce the Cotton Club policy, which was against mixed parties."

Jim Haskins wrote at The Cotton Club: "Only the brightest Negroes have gained entry, and even they have been thoroughly checked. The club management was aware that most white downtown residents want to watch the Harlems, not mix with them. "

Even the famous comedian Jimmy Durante showed glaring racism when he said, "It's not necessary to mix with colorful people if you don't feel like it. You have your own party and stay away. ; s worth seeing !! "

Durante even went so far as to believe that blacks are inherently more aggressive than white people. "Racial lines have been drawn here to prevent possible problems," said Durante. "Nobody wants to fly with razors, blackjacks or fists. And the chances of war are less if there is no confusion. "

In 1933, after he solved a small problem with the IRS, and after the end of Prohibition, Madden decided to call it day. He handed over the reign of Cotton Club DeMange and sent him to Hot Springs, Arkansas, where he opened a hotel / spa that became a favorite hideout for New York gangsters by law. In fact, when Mafioso Lucky Luciano from New York was in hiding, because a special bulldog prosecutor named Thomas E. Dewey had an arrest warrant for Luciano on charges of prostitution, it was at the Madden center where Luciano was finally arrested after four months of escape.

Of course, Madden was still a quiet partner of DeMange at the Cotton Club, but huge profits will soon fall before they stop at Harlem.

It began with the Great Depression, which dramatically reduced the disposable income of the rich and former rich. Downtown revelers who went to the Cotton Club came less often, and when they arrived, they spent less money. The same revelers were entangled in the mentality of the street gang, as a result of which avalanches of bullets began to fly in Harlem; whites shoot at negroes, negroes shoot at whites and members of the same race shoot at each other. With so much lead in Harlem, Harlem-oriented white clubs such as the Cotton Club have declined dramatically.

In addition, Depression did not affect any area of ​​America more than Harlem. According to the New York Urban League, up to 1934, more than 80% of Harlem residents used Home Relief, which we now call "Welfare." Reverend Adam Clayton Powell fueled flames of racial tension as he began to boycott white stores in Harlem to force them to employ more black workers. Despair and resentment appeared on the streets of Harlem, which led to a terrible day in Harlem history.

A dark-skinned 16-year-old Puerto Rican named Lino Rivera was pouting the streets of Harlem, unemployed and desperate for work; some work. To pass the time, he took the movie and then went to Kress Department Store on 125th Street. There he noticed the knife he wanted. But the knife cost ten cents, and Rivera didn't have ten cents. Rivera just grabbed the knife and put it in his pocket when a store clerk grabbed Rivera and there was a fight. While the two men were fighting, and another white worker was trying to subdue Rivera, a crowd of black shoppers surrounded the fight, apparently favoring Rivera. During the fight, Rivera bit one of the white workers' thumbs. The wounded shouted: "I will take you to the basement and kill you."

Huge mistake.

Within minutes, a rumor spread across the streets of Harlem that two white men were beating a black boy to death. This false rumor received questionable confirmation when a blatant ambulance stopped in front of the Kress department store. It didn't matter that the ambulance was there for the white man who had a badly bitten finger.

That night the streets of Harlem exploded in total chaos. Born from aversion to Depression and the grim way in which white people have treated black people in Harlem for years, hundreds of black riots on the streets. They robbed the goods kept and robbed by the whites, as if they had the absolute right to collect them.

In the eyes of whites in downtown Harlem was no longer safe for them to see even the wonderful entertainment at Cotton Club. In addition, black musicians and artists no longer considered Cotton Club as a leading position. It became a place where artists could start their careers, but when they were noticed, they switched to bigger and better things. Business became so bad at Cotton Club and other Harlem clubs that met the needs of the white crowd in the city center, such as Small & # 39; s Paradise on 7th Avenue, that Harlem & # 39; s Cotton Club closed its doors for good on February 16, 1936.

DeMange and Herman Stark, thanks to Madden's blessing from Hot Springs, moved the Cotton Club center to Forty-Eighth Street and Broadway, to the space previously occupied by the Harlem Club. The new Cotton Club was an immediate success. The grand opening took place on September 24, 1936. That night Cab Calloway and Bill "Bojangles" Robinson performed, as did Avis Andrews, Berry Brothers and the wonderful Katherine Perry, who was so fair-skinned that she could easily pass for whites.

Because it was so accessible due to its new location in the city center, Cotton Club took cash. In the third week alone, he made over USD 45,000, and in the first sixteen weeks the average weekly gross profit was USD 30,000. Prices in the new pond were higher than at Cotton Club in Harlem. The steak sandwich increased from USD 1.25 to USD 2.25. Scrambled eggs with Deerfield sausage increased from USD 1.25 to USD 1.50, and lobster cocktails increased from USD 1.00 to USD 1.50.

DeMange and Stark were still packing them up.

One price that fell was the Cottons Club insurance fee. In Harlem, to prevent the undesirable, the security fee was $ 3 per table. However, since black people rarely crossed the "Mason-Dixon line" at 110th Street, the fee for the new Cottons Club was $ 2 for dinner table, then nothing.

The new Cotton Club prospered until the summer of 1939, when the internal tax service hit the club's board with accusations of avoiding income taxes. The indictments hit Cotton Club Management Corp, including Herman Stark – president, George & # 39; and Goodrich – accountant and Noah Braustein – secretary-treasurer, with four unregulated payments and tax fraud. In the event of a conviction, all three men may be sentenced to 25 years in prison and a fine of up to USD 20,000 per head. Strangely enough, since he was just listed as an employee, Frenchy DeMange escaped prosecution. At the Cotton Club Management Corp. hearing he was found guilty but three officers avoided the conviction. Still, Stark had to pay a heavy fine to the government, in addition to $ 3,400 in back taxes.

In early 1940, it was obvious that Cotton Club and Herman Stark had money problems. In addition to the high rent in the city center and the effects of the crisis, unions, especially the musicians' union, strangled Stark and his profits. Before his problems with the IRS, Stark raised money in advance to compensate for any trade union shortages and high entertainment wages. But when the government watched the Cotton Club like a hawk, rummaging was now impossible.

The Cotton Club closed its doors for good on June 10, 1940. Stark and DeMange did not give an official reason, but, as one journalist put it, the main reason was "the lack of the famous, dirty old lucre."

However, this explanation would be too simplistic. Of course, the problem was money, but America's taste for music like Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway also changed. The younger generation of Americans was fascinated by the new jazz and "swing" styles of white leaders such as Tommy Dorsey, Artie Shaw and "King of Swing" – Benny Goodman.

Cotton Club was a great idea whose life expectancy has come to an end. Black artists who cut their teeth while working at the Cotton Club, people like Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald and Lena Horne, all began a long and wonderful career. But the concept of a nightclub with all the black entertainment no longer appealed to the white mainstream America.

Cotton Club was closed because it was an idea that flourished and then, like a gilded rose, slowly died.

Still, Cotton Club's memory and influence on society will remain as long as song and dance remain an integral part of our American culture.

Do you want to learn more about Monterey, California?

Author: JD Conway

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 0738524239

The following interview was conducted by: NORM GOLDMAN: Editor of Bookpleasures.com

Today, Norm Goldman, editor of Bookpleasures.com is proud to host as Jim, JD Conway, author of Monterey: Presidio, Pueblo and Port (The Making of America Series). Jim is also a historian and genealogist, museum coordinator in the city of Monterey.

Good morning Jim and thank you for agreeing to participate in our interview.

Standard:

Jim, you can tell us something about your personal and professional background. What are your responsibilities as a museum coordinator in the city of Monterey?

Jim:

Thank you Norm for your interest in my book. As a museum coordinator in the city of Monterey, I am responsible for museums belonging to the city and cultural activities.

We have 4 museum objects:

*** Colton Hall: it was started in 1847 and completed in 1849. It was the place of the Constitutional Convention in 1849, it was in this state that California became a state

*** Presidio of Monterey Museum. It is located in the heart of the Lower Presidio Historic Park, which is 26 acres of the most historic sites in all of California. The museum tracks the city's military heritage through Spanish, Mexican and American periods.

*** In Cannery's row we have 3 "shacks for workers" explaining the living conditions to seasonal workers who helped make Monterey the capital of Sardinia in the world.

*** Pacific Biological Lab is located across the street from the huts. It was the home, office and laboratory of Edward Flanders Ricketts, whom Steinbeck immortalized as Doc. The city also has a rich art collection that I supervise.

I was born in Hope, Arkansas, grew up in southern New Mexico and went to study at New Mexico Highlands University in Las Vegas, New Mexico, where I studied history and political science.

I like to say that after four years of study I spent the next 4 years in marines, where I got an education, including a trip around Vietnam. After Marines, I worked as a Logistics and Warehouse Manager for many years. In fact, this company led me to Monterey County, where I worked for the Spreckels Sugar Company. It was close to being discovered in time. We lived in a company city with generations of employees who worked for the company. It was a quiet experience and when I returned to graduate school in 1997, my graduation work was at Spreckels and the first fifty years in the Salinas Valley. Working for the Sugar Company, I became interested in family history, returned to college & # 39; u, attending genealogy classes, and that revived my passion for history.

After receiving my master's degree in history from San Jose State, I started working for the city of Monterey as a museum worker and research assistant. Over the next six years, my responsibilities expanded to all museums and cultural activities. But deep down I'm a historian. I am married and we have two grown children and two grandchildren.

Standard:

How did you become interested in the history of Monterey and what forced you to write Monterey: Presidio, Pueblo and Port?

Jim:

When I first came to work in the city, my boss asked me to explore the history of Monterey between 1849, the end of the constitutional convention, and 1880, the opening of the Hotel Del Monte. I discovered that historians neglected this period very much. Much of the information they had was based on the widespread idea that Monterey was left out of the gold rush, and according to one prominent California historian, she was a "Mexican village without ambition." The more I researched, the more I realized that an updated history of Monterey was needed. New evidence, research and new interpretation have redefined Monterey, and this story had to be told.

Standard:

What important historical monuments are worth visiting or looking for in Monterey and why are they important?

Jim:

Monterey has such a diverse past that the choice of landmarks becomes a personal preference.

*** If you are interested in native inhabitants or Spanish and Mexican periods, then the place for the historic old town is the right place.

*** The history path offers visitors the opportunity to visit all the historic buildings and places that make up the historic district.

*** On the path is the Cathedral of San Carlos, one of the oldest European buildings in California, which is still in use. I think it's a necessity.

*** I may be biased, but Lower Presidio Historical Park was the site of the hometown of 2000 years before the arrival of the Spaniards. It is also the place where Vizcaíno landed in 1602, and Father Serra and captain de Portolá met to found Monterey on June 3, 1770. The park has the only place in California where the land and sea battle was fought, as well as the site of the first American fort in California and probably the entire West Coast. And that only takes one until 1846, and much more after the American takeover. Did I mention that some of the most stunning views of the bay come from the park?

*** If you're interested in Steinbeck's literary history, you won't want to miss Cannery Row. I like facing visitors in Cannery Row and trying to distinguish literary stories from actual events and places that were canning and fishing activities. Monterey has museums and art galleries that may interest the youngest and oldest people.

Standard:

When is the best time to visit Monterey and why?

Jim:

Another difficult question. If you are looking for good weather, I would suggest autumn. However, during the summer months (the problem is not cool and not hot), more festivals and activities are taking place. But if you want to miss a lot of crowds, December to April is the best time.

Standard:

How is the history of Monterey different from other neighboring areas such as Carmel, Pacific Grove, Salinas etc.?

Jim:

They start with Monterey and then branch out to come up with their own identity. Salinas & # 39; history is related to agriculture, which makes it somewhat different from the peninsula communities surrounding Monterey. This does not mean that agriculture is the only story in Salinas, but it is the cornerstone of its existence. Pacific Grove appeared earlier than Carmel. It began as a Methodist Church retreat in the 1870s and retained the identity of a coastal village with a fairly modest and family atmosphere. Carmel-By-the-Sea was a colony of artists who became a prominent artist from California after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. She developed an artistic flare that spread along the coast to Big Sur. One of the best things about Monterey and the surrounding communities is their authenticity of cultures and the unique role they have developed to make this area more than just a one-dimensional location.

Standard:

How historians have determined and interpreted the history of Monterey and do you believe that their perception is accurate?

Jim:

I love this question. Without going into Monterey's full historiography, I would say that earlier interpretations were excessively romanticized and often repeated without research. They were often one-dimensional, looking at only one aspect of the subject, ignoring the other elements that helped to get a more diverse picture.

A good example is the period between 1850 and 1880, when most historians claim that Monterey fell into decline with no civic ambitions or economic foundation. It just wasn't accurate. Yes, economic changes took place in Monterey, but every city in California suffered from the same problems. If you look at what the Chinese achieved locally at that time, Monterey was in a better position than many communities.

Too often in Monterey's history, we have ignored the contributions of different cultures. History study has changed considerably over the past 30 to 40 years. In our interpretations, we look more at cultures, sex and class, which gives us a more complete history. I suspect that in 30 or 40 years another historian may criticize my work based on new sources and developed techniques.

Standard:

In your book, you mention that culturally Monterey has a connection with her native heritage, but this relationship remains secondary to his Euro-American past. Why do you believe it and how does it have proof today?

Jim:

The native inhabitants of Monterey, known as Rumsien, did not have a written language, much of what we know about them comes from what the missionaries wrote and several oral stories passed down through the generations. To survive, the indigenous people got married to the Spaniards and California and they wrote the story, often ignoring their own native heritage. We know that the descendants of the first inhabitants still live in the area, and this is Monterey's relationship with his native heritage.

Standard:

What is the origin of Seventeen Mile Drive and could you briefly describe this tourist attraction?

Jim:

In 1880, Charles Crocker opened the Hotel Del Monte. It was called "The most elegant coastal factory in the world." Presidents, royalty, business leaders and celebrities have come from all over the world to enjoy the hotel and all its amenities. One of his attractions was a ride or horseback riding through the Del Monte forest and along the picturesque coastline of the peninsula. This original 25-mile loop began at the hotel and ran to a hunting lodge on Pebble Beach. Today the hotel is Naval Postgraduate School and the lodge is Lodge at Pebble Beach.

Standard:

I understand that the History Festival will take place in Monterey in early October. What is this all about?

Jim:

The Monterey History and Art Association, California State Park and the City of Monterey, as part of their MOU to promote Monterey History Sponsors & # 39; s History Fest. It's a way to promote many layers and various aspects of Monterey's past. There are exhibits and programs that educate and enlighten visitors and locals about the history of Monterey. Other organizations such as military bases, the Historic Garden League and cultural groups join us during this celebration.

Standard:

What is the Historical Importance of Cannery Row?

Jim:

After the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, Monterey recorded growth in 3 areas. The first was tourism associated with the Hotel Del Monte. Secondly, the army's return to the Monterey military reserve, today known as Presidio Monterey, and thirdly the development of the fishing and canning industry. After World War I, the demand for canned sardines helped create the entire industry based on supplying fish from the sea to customers. Not only were canned food, but offal was converted into fertilizer, chicken feed, fish oil and other needs.

Because the smell associated with rendering devices was so strong, the canvases were moved from the city and Hotel Del Monte along the waterfront to Ocean View Avenue.

It is from this industrial blue district that Steinbeck found inspiration for Tortilla Flats, Cannery Row, Sweet Thursday and East of Eden. That is why today's meaning is twofold. First, it was the location of the fourteen canisters that formed the government. Secondly, it has a literary history related to John Steinbeck.

Standard:

In your summary of your book, you indicate that Monterey is at a crossroads today, how it will address development, water restrictions, traffic jams and maintenance costs. Could you elaborate briefly?

Jim:

The above-mentioned problems are common to all communities on the Monterey Peninsula. How to solve these problems at local level will be another important chapter in the history of Monterey. For the city of Monterey, any of the problems can completely change the way Monterey is perceived or displayed in the future. What kind of development will be allowed, how we will manage our limited water supply, how young families will be able to afford an apartment where even the smallest house costs $ 800,000, as we answer these questions, our story will be.

Standard:

Is there anything else you would like to add that we did not discuss, and what next with Jim Conway?

Jim:

I think we have overcome a huge amount of land. I hope that I was able to gain insight into Monterey's past and arouse interest in her in the future. This is an exciting place for a historian and I can't wait to share it with those who discover his heritage.

Next for Jim Conway is a book about the California Constitution that took place at Colton Hall. It is surprising that no more was done in connection with this important event, especially if you put it in the context of what was happening in the United States at that time. Do not expect, however, in the near future, because I have to work around it full-time in the city. And this workload is exciting in itself.

Thanks again Jim

To read the Norma Book Review, click bookpleasures.com

5 things to know about Bella Vista Golf

The golf resort known as Bella Vista, Arkansas is not like most other golf and tourist resorts; it is a wide open area that is a properly functioning city and community beyond its golfing attractions. Yes, there are eight golf courses and seven lakes where you can spend your free time, but there are also 25,000 people who live permanently. These lucky people actually live at the golf resort. Not part time, but all year round! What are the features of this golf resort? Let's take a look at some key points.

1) Well, first of all, to make full use of the amenities, each member must be the owner of the property, both those living locally and those who travel to use the amenities. A house or vacant plot can be owned to qualify for full membership, which means the deepest discounts on everything.

2) Secondly, it is important to be aware of the fact that Bella Vista has expenses; expenses that are required to make the area so beautiful and the golf courses so well maintained. Expenses are reimbursed in the form of property owner's claims. Empty plots cost $ 16 a month, and land with a house are charged $ 24 a month.

3) All landowners are automatically full members. Members can play golf from around $ 10 per round. Twilight and other discounts apply based on the number of holes played and seasonal adjustments. You can contact them or contact me for the latest rate information. The point is that they are co-paid for all or most of the amenities, such as tennis, golf or swimming. Even members must pay them.

4) The Bella Vista golf resort and other attractions are open to everyone, but not everyone pays the same prices. Members enjoy deep discounts on major amenities such as golf and lake activities, and smaller discounts on some of the cheaper activities such as swimming. But even with this, if you are not a member, you can still play on golf courses or use the lakes, as long as you get support (in the form of a guest pass) from the current member or if you are actually in the company of an active member of the village.

5) Bella Vista is a good destination because it has all the available activities, has many available night rentals, is centrally located in the United States, there are dozens of hotels and restaurants in Rogers and Bentonville nearby and golf here is excellent. You will certainly get a quick time to play thanks to so many courses you can choose from, and such a quiet area with a low population.

If you're comparing golf vacation deals, you can put on the Bella Vista Arkansas list. There are both 18-hole golf courses and 9-hole golf courses. There is even an executive-style 9-hole golf course.